AANS Neurosurgeon | Volume 27, Number 2, 2018

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Machine Learning Techniques Generate Clinical Labels of Medical Scans

Researchers used machine learning techniques, including natural language processing algorithms, to identify clinical concepts in radiologist reports for CT scans, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. The technology is an important first step in the development of artificial intelligence that could interpret scans and diagnose conditions.

From an ATM reading handwriting on a check to Facebook suggesting a photo tag for a friend, computer vision powered by artificial intelligence is increasingly common in daily life. Artificial intelligence could one day help radiologists interpret X-rays, computed tomography (CT) scans, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies. But for the technology to be effective in the medical arena, computer software must be “taught” the difference between a normal study and abnormal findings.

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